Red, swollen gums are a sign of gum disease, and gum disease is the leading causes of adult tooth loss. Good dental hygiene practices and regular professional dental care can prevent gum disease. Make an appointment with Dominick A. Lembo, DMD, and the team at Belmont Dental Associates. The offices located in Caldwell and Haledon, New Jersey, provide convenient, compassionate, and expert dental care. Schedule an appointment by calling the practice or using the online booking tool today.
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, occurs when bacteria gets below your gum line and causes an infection. Nearly 50% of men and women in the United States aged over 30 experience bleeding gums — a sign of advanced gum disease — when brushing their teeth. Oddly enough, most adults accept bleeding gums as normal, and few seek dental treatment.
In addition to painful and bleeding gums, periodontal disease is the leading cause of adult tooth loss and linked to a variety of health issues, including diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory diseases.
The Build-up of dental plaque causes gum disease. Over time, even if you brush regularly, sticky plaque builds-up on teeth.
Plaque traps bacteria against the teeth and gums, creating the perfect breeding ground for bacteria. Your immune system responds to the overgrowth of bacteria by causing inflammation in your gums, which you, and sometimes others, notice as swollen, red gums that bleed easily.
Untreated plaque and bacteria can reach below your gum line and attack the roots of your teeth. At the same time, your inflamed gums pull away from your teeth, loosening the structures that hold your teeth in place. As a result, your teeth become weak, loose, and more likely to fall out or need extraction.
Prevention is critical to maintaining healthy teeth and gums. The American Dental Association recommends brushing your teeth for two minutes at least twice per day and flossing at least once per day. Having routine professional dental cleanings with the team at Belmont Dental Associates removes the plaque you can’t remove at home.
When your preventive actions are insufficient, your dentist offers treatments to remove plaque and restore your gum health, for example, a deep cleaning to remove plaque and bacteria from below your gum line or, for gums have pulled away from your teeth to create pockets, laser surgery or gum grafting to repair and restore your gums.
If you have swollen or bleeding gums, call Belmont Dental Associates or schedule an appointment online today. This visit could save your teeth.